Monday, September 28, 2009

Body Snatching of the Documented Kind by Nick Redfern


One of the things I heard time and again when my Body Snatchers in the Desert book was published in the summer of 2005, was that not only was there no evidence to support the notion that diabolical human-experimentation was the cause of the Roswell controversy; but, in addition, there was no way that government and military agencies, offices and departments would ever even consider engaging in - or sanction - such terrible actions.


I have to say that the faith and trust (or, as I prefer to call it, the outright, naive gullibility) that people have in government never ceases to amaze me.

Consider the following. For what is perhaps the most shocking example of the way in which human beings were indeed utilized for radiation-related experiments at the height of the Cold War, we have to turn our attention to something called Project Sunshine.

Although not directly allied with the events as described in my book, the history and activities of Project Sunshine collectively serve as perfect examples (and perhaps far more importantly as officially documented examples) of the way in which human beings and bodies were utilized in Cold War radiation and biological experimentation in a fashion very similar to the Top Secret Roswell-related events as outlined in Body Snatchers in the Desert.

In the 1990s, the Government's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments looked into a whole range of Department of Energy-related scandals involving the use of human beings in radiation tests from the 1940s to the 1970s.

One particular memorandum, dated June 9, 1995, and prepared by ACHRE’s Advisory Committee Staff, is titled Documentary Update on Project Sunshine Body Snatching and states:

"As part of Project Sunshine, which sought to measure strontium-90, the AEC [Atomic Energy Commission] engaged in an effort to collect baby bones from domestic and foreign sources. As discussed in the prior memorandum, the project involved the use of a cover story (those without clearance being told that the skeleton collection would be used to study naturally occurring radiation, and not that from fallout). Key participants in Project Sunshine at its onset included the AEC’s Division of Biology and Medicine (DBM), its Director John Bugher, Columbia University's Dr. J. Laurence Kulp, and the University of Chicago's Dr. Willard Libby (who became an AEC Commissioner)."

The memorandum then refers to Dr. Willard Libby and his work in more detail. A 1955 transcript classified as "Secret" (located in the classified materials at the National Archives and recently declassified at the Committee's request), sheds more light on the role of tissue sampling in Project Sunshine.

The transcript shows that considerable thought had been devoted to best ways to establish channels to procure "human samples," and the impact of secrecy on the effort. AEC Commissioner Willard Libby, who was a primary proponent of Project Sunshine, explained the great value of "body snatching," and noted that the AEC had even employed an "expensive law firm" to "look up the law of body snatching."

The meeting was then turned over to Dr. Libby, who was by now an AEC Commissioner. Dr. Libby began by stating that there was no effort more important to the AEC than Sunshine. However, he said that "...there are great gaps in the data." He elaborated: "By far the most important [gap] is human samples. We have been reduced to essentially zero level on the human samples. I don't know how to get them but I do say that it is a matter of prime importance to get them and particularly in the young age group."

The supply of stillborns had evidently been shut off: "We were fortunate, as you know to obtain a large number of stillborns as material. This supply, however, has now been cut off also, and shows no signs, I think, of being rejuvenated."

Therefore, Libby told the audience, expertise in body snatching would be highly valued: "So human samples are of prime importance and if anybody knows how to do a good job of body snatching, they will really be serving their country."

Some people reading this, no doubt, will scarcely believe that these latter words were said in all seriousness, and soberly recorded, within official files of the US military.

As noted, Libby recalled that when Project Sunshine was created in 1953, a law firm was hired to study this problem. He added: "I don't know how to snatch bodies. In the original study on the Sunshine at Rand in the summer of 1953, we hired an expensive law firm to look up the law of body snatching. This compendium is available to you. It is not very encouraging. It shows you how very difficult it is going to be to do legally."

The conference attendees discussed the need for a wide enough variety of samples to cover age ranges and potential variations among body parts. A Dr. Kulp, from Columbia, explained that there were certain "channels" available:

"We have the channels in these places where we are getting everything. We have three or four other leads where we could get complete age range samples from different other geographic localities. These three are Vancouver, Houston, and New York. We could easily get them from Puerto Rico and other places. We can get virtually everyone that dies in this range."

There was also discussion of the need to acquire what were insultingly termed "resources" from other countries. For example, a Colonel Maxwell, of the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project, suggested the military could provide some help in securing "specimens" from a native hospital in Formosa. In case you're wondering, in the files the term "specimens" refers to people...

This passage is particularly revealing for one reason: when I was doing the research for my Body Snatchers in the Desert book, I was told by several sources that personnel from the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project were deeply involved in the recovery of alleged handicapped Japanese bodies from a 1947 incident at White Sands, New Mexico.

It is, therefore, notable that in 1955, when the Project Sunshine discussions were well underway, one Colonel Maxwell, also of the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project, stated firmly that he knew how to acquire certain "specimens" from "a native hospital in Formosa…"

Interestingly, when the this testimony became public knowledge, new sources surfaced with their own dark and disturbing tales – all of which centered upon radiation experiments involving the bodies of children and physically handicapped and deformed individuals.

For example, on June 6, 2001, Reuters, in a news release titled "Babies and Stillborns Used in Nuclear Experiments," revealed that:

"British newspapers reported that some 6,000 stillborn babies and dead infants were sent from hospitals in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, South America, the UK and the US between the 1950s and 1970s without the permission of parents for use in nuclear experiments. According to the reports, the US Department of Energy used the bodies and some body parts for tests to monitor radioactivity levels of the element Strontium 90 in humans…The Observer, a British newspaper, also stated that British scientists also conducted tests on babies sent from Hong Kong and the research did not end until the 1970s. A government spokesman for Hong Kong announced that his country will investigate further into the reports."

Then on June 12, 2001, Western Australia Newspapers Ltd., (WAN) revealed that: "...people with severe disabilities were used as human guinea pigs during British nuclear tests at the Maralinga Test Site in Australia in the 1950s."

According to the allegations, a control group was flown to the British test site as part of an experiment to determine the effects of radiation on humans. The group, stated the WAN, died after being exposed to the radioactive fallout. While such claims were dismissed as unsubstantiated in a final report of a royal commission into British nuclear tests in Australia in December 1985, no less a source than Dr. Robert Jackson, Director of the Center for Disability Research and Development at Edith Cowan University in Australia, expressed concern that the Royal Commission did not hear testimonials from pilots.

Dr. Jackson first discovered details of these gruesome events in the 1980s when he was the Regional Director for the Western Australia Disability Commission. Of key relevance to the subject matter of this book, is an approach made to Dr. Jackson by a man who claimed to be a pilot and who had flown a "planeload" of disabled people from the UK to the Maralinga Test Site. The pilot told Dr. Jackson, "We didn't fly them out again."

Needless to say, I don't find this last statement at all surprising - unfortunately.


Blogger Eric Ouellet said...

Hello Nick,

You could also have mentioned the Project MKULTRA that tested LSD on unknowing patients, also very well documented (court cases, government compensations, etc), and the Tuskegee Study (also very well documented) where people with syphilis received fake treatments over many yeras to see how the disease evolved. These experiments occurred in the United States (and Canada for MKULTRA), in the same timeframe as what you describe in your book. From a sociological standpoint, it is further evidence that mistreating people on the excuse of advancing science was part of the "zeitgeist" of the 1940s and 1950s.

Best Regards,


September 29, 2009  
Blogger just_another_dick said...

Nick, in the spring of 1950, parents of children attending the Walter E. Ferdinand School, a Massachusetts institution for children with learning disabilities, received the following letter from the school's clinical director:

Dear Parent,
In previous years we have done some examination in connection with the nutritional department of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with purposes of helping to improve the nutrition of our children and to help them in general more efficiently than before.

For the checking up of the children, we occasionally need to take some blood samples, which are then analyzed. The blood samples are taken after one test meal, which consists of a special breakfast meal containing a certain amount of calcium. We have asked for volunteers to give a sample of blood once a month for three months, and your son has agreed to volunteer because the boys who belong to the Science Club have many additional priveleges. They get one quart of milk daily during that time, and are taken to a baseball game, to the beach and to some outside dinners and they enjoy it greatly.

I hope that you have no objection that your son is voluntarily participating in this study. The first study will start Monday, June 8th, and if you have not expressed any objections we will assume that your son may participate.

Sincerely yours
Clemens C. Benda, MD
Clinical Director
Walter E. Ferdinand School

It all seems so bucolic doesn't it? The American government is a government that cares, right? Making sure those special needs kids get their "special breakfast meal."
It's so sweet.

At least, it would be, if that "special breakfast" wasn't, thanks to MIT, the NIH, and the AEC, laced with liberal amounts of radioactive calcium.

The folk who doubt the US would do such things have been watching way too much FOX News for their own good.

September 29, 2009  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi Nick,

You might want to check out a book called 'American Ground Zero: The Secret Nuclear War' by Carole Gallagher (MIT Press). I read it some years ago, and I recall there being accounts from persons present at atom bomb test sites. In these accounts, some who were present immediately after a test mentioned the presence of human bodies, which they were told were cadavers put there to study the effects of the blast. But one person had reason to doubt the official story - something about the bodies being restrained, if I recall correctly. Anyone else read this, can you confirm? Chilling stuff, either way.

September 29, 2009  
Blogger Andrew D. Gable said...

Do these people then also doubt the existence of Unit 731? This is the whole reason the Unit 731 leaders haven't been charged as had the Nazis... do they also doubt Operation Paperclip and the aiding and abetting of Nazi war criminals?

Ah... the great unspoken war dividends, to quote the X-Files.

September 29, 2009  
Blogger Bruce Duensing said...

Another two example to add to the list were the poison gas exposures and the intentional covert release of radioactive materials in urban areas.All documented.
Best Wishes

September 30, 2009  

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